In case you don’t know, dialysis of the kidneys is a treatment that helps the kidneys perform a few of their responsibilities. The treatment is initiated when the patient’s kidneys stop fulfilling the needs of the body. It is particularly required in patients suffering from end stage kidney failure. What this means is that the treatment is initiated when the patient loses 80 to 90% of the functions of the kidneys. The treatment is focused on:
1- Regulating blood pressure
2- Removing salt, waste and extra water from the body so that buildup can be prevented.
3- Maintaining a safe levels of certain chemicals in the body including sodium, potassium and bicarbonate
This treatment is typically performed in a hospital or private clinics in Seychelles. However, with advancements in medical science it is now possible for this treatment to be performed at home as well. Based on your medical condition, it will be up to your doctor to decide where the treatment should be delivered. Just so you know there are two different types of kidney dialysis are being performed these days. These are hemodialysis and peritoneal kidney dialysis. When it comes to hemodialysis, extra chemicals, waste and fluid are removed from the blood using an artificial kidney. An access is made by the doctors into the blood vessels of the patient to transport the blood into the artificial kidney. This at times is done through minor surgery. In other cases an artery is joined to a vein under the skin to from a bigger blood vessel, known as a fistula. At time a catheter is also used to create an access. In this case, the catheter is inserted into a large vein in the patient’s neck.
In the case of peritoneal kidney dialysis on holidays, the doctor cleans the blood inside the patient’s body. A surgery is performed during which a plastic tube known as a catheter is placed inside the abdomen to make an access. For the treatment to take place, the abdominal area is filled by the doctor with dialysate by means of the catheter. Waste products and excessive fluids are taken out of the blood and moved towards the dialysate.
On the whole, kidney dialysis treatment is a painless procedure. However, it is common for patients to experience low blood pressure which can trigger a headache, vomiting and even cramps.